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Nuclear-powered cruise missile submarines
Project 659

NATO: Echo I Ñlass


Completed

5 + 1 units


Ships

Shipyard ¹199, Komsomolsk-on-Amur

Name
Yard ¹
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
K-45
¹140
22.12.1958
12.05.1960
28.06.1961
 
K-59
¹141
30.09.1959
25.09.1960
16.12.1961
from 25.07.1977 - Ê-259
K-66
¹142
26.03.1960
30.07.1961
30.06.1962
 
K-122
¹143
21.01.1961
17.09.1961
30.09.1962
 
K-151
¹144
21.04.1962
30.09.1962
28.07.1963
 
K-30
¹145
1961
-
-
not completed


General characteristics - Project 659

Displacement (tons):
Surfaced:3731
Submerged:4920
Dimensions (m):
Length:111,2
Beam:9,2
Draught:7,1
Speed (knots):
Surfaced:15,1
Submerged: 26
Range:Unlimited
Diving depth (m):
Operational:240
Maximum:300
Endurance (days):50
Propulsion:2x70 MW VM-A nuclear reactors, 2x17500 hp GTZA-601, 2x450 hp PG-116 electric motors, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x1400 kW GPM-21 generators, 2x460 kW DG-460 generators
Armament:6 P-5 cruise missiles launchers (from 1962 - P-5D) – «Sever-A659U» fire control
4 533 mm bow torpedo tubes – 12 53-61, SET-65 torpedoes
4 400 mm (2 bow torpedo tubes, 2 stern torpedo tubes) – 4 torpedoes
Electronics: RLK-101 «Albatros» radar complex, «Nakat» ESM Radar system, «Nikhrom» IFF, «Arktika-M» sonar MG-200, «Plutoniy» mine search sonar, MG-10 «Kola» noise detection sonar, MG-15 «Sviyaga» communications system, «Svet-M» communications system, MG-13 sonar, «Pluton-659» navigation complex
Complement:104

Schematics

Nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine - Project 659
Nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine - Project 659

Nuclear-powered attack submarine - Project 659T
Nuclear-powered attack submarine - Project 659T


Modernizations

Project 659T – 5 units: «Zvezda», Bolshoy Kamen` – K-45 31.12.1966-12.09.1968, K-59 02.1967-12.1970, K-66 08.1970-10.10.1973, K-122 30.03.1964-30.10.1968, K-151 16.07.1973-21.12.1976. 3650/4709 tons, draught 6,2 m, cruise missiles removed, 20 533 mm torpedoes, 12 400 mm torpedoes (SET-40 torpedoes, 4 MG-44 «Korund-1» torpedo decoy), ?/24 knots, crew 98 (26 officers), special MGS-29 active sonar


Fleets

Pacific Fleet: K-45, 59, 66, 122, 151


Hull Numbers

K-59: 551


Decommissioned

1985 – K-122 (28.10)
1986 – K-66 (12.10)
1989 – K-45 (30.05), K-151 (30.05), K-59 (14.03)


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