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Air cushion small landing ships
Project 12322 Zubr
Project 12322E

NATO: Pomornik (or Zubr) Class


Completed

10 + 5 units


Ships

Project 12322

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Almaz, Leningrad (St. Petersburg) - 5+2 units
MDK-51
100
23.02.1983
9.10.1985
10.10.1988
 
MDK-122
101
-
-
2.01.1990
 
MDK-50
102
-
-
30.10.1990
from 17.08.2001 - Evgeniy Kocheshkov
MDK-94
103
-
-
15.10.1991
from 12.03.2001 - Mordoviya
MDK-118
104
-
-
29.08.1994
 
MDK-119
105
-
-
-
scrap on 2005
MDK-
106
-
-
-
not completed
Morye, Feodosia - 3+3 units
MDK-57
301
-
-
30.12.1988
 
MDK-123
302
-
-
30.12.1989
 
MDK-93
303
17.02.1986
8.10.1991
30.12.1991
 
MDK-100
304
-
-
26.06.1993
completed for Ukraine
MDK-100
305
1993
9.12.2000
3.02.2001
completed for Ukraine
MDK-
306
-
-
-
not completed

Project 12322E - Almaz, St. Petersburg

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
MDK-
107
25.05.2000
28.05.2001
2001
 
MDK-
108
24.01.2003
25.07.2004
2004
 

General characteristics - Project 12322

Displacement (tons):
Standard:500
Full load:550
Dimensions (m):
Length:57,3
Beam:25,6
Draft:1,6
Speed (knots):63
Range:300 mn (55 knots)
Autonomy (days):5
Propulsion:3x10000 hp MT-70 gas turbines, 3 four-bladed variable-pitch propellers, 2x10000 hp NO-10 gas turbines, 5x100 kW GTG-100K turbine-type generators (Project 12322E - 5 Volvo Penta diesel generators)
Armament:1x2 MTU-2 Igla-1M SAM system launcher (32? missiles)
2x6 30 mm AK-630M (6000 rounds) MR-123-01 Vympel fire control system (MDK-51 - without fire control system)
2x22140 mm MS-227 launchers A-22 Ogon (132 OF-45, ZZh-45 rounds) DVU-3 fire control system
78 mines (instead of troops)
Electronics: Pozitiv radar (on MDK-51), Lazur radar, MP-411 ESM radar system, MR-244-3 Ekran-1 navigation radar, Rumb radio direction finder, R-782 Buran communication complex
Cargo:3 T-80 main battle tanks or 10 BTR or 8 BMP or 360 troops or 140 troops and 130 tons of cargo or 150 tons of cargo
Complement:27 (4 officers)

Schematics

Air cushion small landing ships - Project 12322
Air cushion small landing ships - Project 12322


Modernizations

Non-realized updatings of the project: Project 12322M, Project 12325 Maral car & passenger ferry, Project 12326 car ferry


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: MDK-50, 51, 94, 118, 122, 107, 108
Black Sea Fleet: MDK-57, 93, 123


Hull Numbers

MDK-50: 615(1990), 770(1992)
MDK-51: 270, 733(1986?), 700(1987), 762(1990)
MDK-57: 567(1989), 507(1990)
MDK-93: 509(1990)
MDK-94: 625, 782(1990)
MDK-118: 601(1994), 717(1996)
MDK-122: 795(1989)
MDK-123: 586(1989), 508(1990)
107: 702(2001)
108: 702(2004)


Decommissioned

1997 MDK-51 (17.07)
2005 MDK-122(22.06)


Export

Greece: 4 units
Kefalonia L180 (till 20.12.2000 MDK-118), Ithaki L181 (till 17.02.2001 Ivan Bogun), Kerkyra L182 (till 23.11.2004 108), Zakynthos L183 (till 09.2001 107)

China: plan 4 units
Project 958 Bizon: 2 units in Feodosia, More 3325 (88109.2010/25.09.2012/12.04.2013, 3326 (882) 2012/?/02.2014, and 2 units under license in China - 3327 7.10.2017, 3328

Ukraine: 5 units:
Donets, then Donetsk U420 (till 1992 MDK-100) decommissioned 23.07.2008, Ivan Bogun U421 (till 1992 305), Kramatorsk U422 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-57) decommissioned 11.06.1999, Gorlovka U423 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-93) decommissioned 2011, plan as monunent in Patriot Park in Sevastopol, Artemivsk U424 (till 31.12.1995 MDK-123) decommissioned 29.11.2000. On Donetsk navigational radar SRN-207

 
   

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