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Destroyers
Project 56

NATO: Kotlin Class


Completed

27 units


Ships

Project 56

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Shipyard 190 named after A.A.Zhdanov, Leningrad - 12 units
Spokoyny
701
4.03.1953
28.11.1953
27.06.1956
 
Svetly
702
4.03.1953
27.10.1953
17.09.1955
 
Speshny
703
30.05.1953
7.08.1954
30.09.1955
 
Skromny
704
27.07.1953
26.10.1954
30.12.1955
 
Sveduschiy
705
7.12.1953
17.02.1955
31.01.1956
 
Smyshleny
706
23.02.1954
24.05.1955
28.06.1956
from 29.10.1958 - Moskovskiy komsomolets
Skrytny
707
25.07.1954
27.09.1955
30.09.1956
 
Soznatelny
708
25.09.1954
15.01.1956
31.10.1956
 
Spravedlivy
709
25.12.1954
12.04.1956
20.12.1956
 
Nesokrushimy
710
15.06.1955
20.07.1956
30.06.1957
from 8.04.1988 - SM-251
Nakhodchivy
741
19.10.1955
30.10.1956
18.09.1957
 
Nastoychivy
742
3.03.1956
23.04.1957
30.11.1957
 
Shipyard 445 named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev - 8 units
Blestyashchy
1201
20.02.1953
27.11.1953
30.09.1955
 
Byvalvy
1202
6.05.1953
31.03.1954
21.12.1955
 
Bravy
1203
25.07.1953
28.02.1955
9.01.1956
 
Bessledny
1205
1.04.1954
5.11.1955
31.10.1956
 
Burlivy
1206
5.05.1954
28.01.1956
28.12.1956
 
Blagorodny
1207
5.03.1955
30.08.1956
18.07.1957
 
Plamenny
1208
3.09.1955
26.10.1956
31.08.1957
 
Naporisty
1209
17.08.1955
30.12.1956
31.10.1957
 
Shipyard 199, Komsomolsk-on-Amur - 7 units
Vyzyvayushchiy
81
25.07.1953
20.05.1955
31.03.1956
 
Veskiy
82
30.01.1954
31.07.1955
30.03.1956
 
Vdokhnovenny
83
31.08.1954
7.05.1956
30.10.1956
 
Vozmuschenny
84
30.12.1954
8.07.1956
31.12.1956
 
Vozbuzhdenny
85
29.07.1955
10.05.1957
31.10.1957
 
Vliyatelny
86
29.10.1955
10.05.1957
6.11.1957
 
Vyderzhanny
87
30.06.1956
24.06.1957
10.12.1957
from 20.02.1967 - Dalnevostochny komsomolets, from 1.12.1992 - PKZ-7

General characteristics - Project 56

Displacement (tons):
Standard:2667
Full load:3230
Dimensions (m):
Length:126,1
Beam:12,76
Draft:4,26
Speed (knots):38
Range:3880 nmi (14,3 knots), 3850 nmi (14,7 knots), 3090 nmi (17,9 knots), 685 nmi (37,9 knots), 642 nmi (38 knots)
Autonomy (days):10
Propulsion:2x36000 hp TV-8 GTZA, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x400 kW turbine-type generators, 2x200 kW diesel-generators
Armament:2x2 130 mm SM-2-1 (850 rounds) - Sfera-56 with radar Yakor-M1 fire control system
4x4 45 mm SM-20ZIF (13200 rounds) - 2 Fut-B radars
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-56 torpedo tubes (10 53-57, 53-59 torpedoes) - Stalingrad T-56 with radar Zarya fire control system (on Smyshleny at first - Volna radar, on Nakhodchivy - Volna radar not changed)
6 BMB-2 (30 BB-1 or BSP) - Shar-U fire control system
2 depth charge throwers (18 BB-1 or BSP)
50 KB-3 mines or 50 AMD-50 mines or 50 GMZ mines or 50 AGSB mines or 36 AMD-1000 mines
Electronics: Fut-N air/surface search radar (Rif on some ships), Neptun navigation radar,Machta P4 ESM radar system, Nickel-K and Khrom-K IFF, ARP-50 radio direction finder, Pegas-2 sonar
Complement:284 (19 officers)

Schematics

Destroyers - Project 56
Destroyers - Project 56

Destroyers - Project 56A
Destroyers - Project 56A


Modernizations

Project 56PLO - 14+1 units: Shipyard 190 named after A.A.Zhdanov, Leningrad - Skromny 12.11.1958-29.11.1960, Smyshleny 12.11.1958-1.12.1961, Sevmorzavod named after S.Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol - Blagorodny in 1963, Blestyashchy 6.02.1958-10.03.1960, Bravy not completed, Naporisty 8.02.1961-19.08.1962, Plamenny 18.01.1961-4.06.1962, Sveduschiy 31.08.1977-19.06.1979, Dalzavod, Vladivostok (from 12.1972 Dalzavod named after 50-letiya USSR) - Bessledny 25.05.1973-8.05.1976, Burlivy 12.12.1961-25.03.1963, Vdokhnovenny 22.01.1960-27.03.1961, Vozmuschenny 15.02.1961-18.07.1962, Vyzyvayushchiy 4.11.1961-30.01.1965, Shipyard 7, Tallin - Byvalvy 23.06.1962-28.10.1965, KMOLZ Shipyard - Skrytny in 04.1958-04.1960. ?/3560 tons, removed: stern torpedo tube, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, bow torpedo tube modernised to MPTA-53-56 (5 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53 torpedoes) - Zvuk-56 f ire control system, added: 4x2 25 mm 2M-3M (on Bessledny, Smyshleny), 2x16 RBU-2500 Smerch (128 RGB-25) - Smerch-56 fire control system (on Smyshleny - 2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (96 RGB-60) - Burya fire control system), 2x6 RKU-36U Burun (48 RGB), 34 kts, crew - 270 (18 officers), Pegas-2M sonar instead of Pegas-2, Kolos-2000 anti-submarine non-acoustic search system (on Smyshleny)
Project 56K -1 unit: Bravy 1959-60, Sevmorzavod named after S.Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol. 2890/3447 tons, draft 4,5 m, removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar Fut-B, stern torpedo tubes, RKU-36U Burun, added:1x2 ZIF-102 M-1 Volna SAM system launcher (16 V-600 missiles (4K90)) - 4R-90 Yatagan fire control system, 2x16 RBU-2500 Smerch (128 RGB-25) - Smerch-56 fire control system, bow torpedo tubes modernised to MPTA-53-56 (5 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53 torpedoes) - Zvuk-56 fire control system, 35,5 kts, 3000 nmi (18 knots), crew - 270 (19 officers), MR-300 Angara air/surface search radar instead of Fut-N. In 1963-64 added 2x4 45 mm SM-20ZIF
Project 56A - 7 units: Shipyard 445 named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev - Nastoychivy 1.12.1967-30.12.1969, Nakhodchivy 26.12.1965-31.12.1967, Nesokrushimy 17.12.1964-7.01.1967, Soznatelny 1.07.1969-30.12.1971, Kronshtadt Shipyard - Skromny 7.07.1965-19.11.1969,Sevmorzavod named after S.Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol - Nesokrushimy 11.10.1969-31.12.1970, Soznatelny 1.12.1968-20.01.1972, Dalzavod, Vladivostok (from 12.1972 Dalzavod named after 50-letiya USSR) - Vozbuzhdenny 24.08.1965-16.07.1966, Skrytny 30.12.1970-30.01.1972. 3060/3620 tons, draft 4,5 m, removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar Fut-B, stern torpedo tubes, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, added: 1x2 ZIF-102 M-1 Volna SAM system launcher (16 V-600 missiles (4K90)) - 4R-90 Yatagan fire control system, 4x2 30 mm AK-230 - 2 MR-104 Rys fire control systems (on Vozbuzhdenny, Nesokrushimy, Skrytny, Soznatelny), 2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (96 RGB-60) - Burya fire control system (on Skromny - 2x16 RBU-2500 Smerch (128 RGB-25) - Smerch-56 fire control system), bow torpedo tubes modernised to MPTA-53-56 (5 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53 torpedoes) - Zummer fire control system, 34,5 kts, 2150 nmi (17 knots), crew - 268 (19 officers), MR-310 Angara-A air/surface search radarinstead of Fut-N, Bizan-4 ESM radar system instead of Machta P4, GS-572 Gerkules-2 sonar instead of Pegas-2 (on Vozbuzhdenny, Nesokrushimy, Skrytny - GS-572 Gerkules, Skromny, Soznatelny - GS-572 Gerkules-2M)
Project 56AE - 1 unit: Spravedlivy 22.12.1966-30.12.1968, Shipyard named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev. Removed: stern SM-2-1, 3 SM-20ZIF with 1 radar Fut-B, stern torpedo tube, BMB-2, depth charge throwers, added: 1x2 ZIF-102 M-1 Volna SAM system launcher (16 V-600 missiles (4K90)) - 4R-90 Yatagan fire control system, 2x1 45 mm 21KM, 2x16 RBU-2500 Smerch (128 RGB-25) - Smerch-56 fire control system, bow torpedo tube was modernised to MPTA-53-56 (5 53-56, 53-57, 53-58, 53-59, SET-53 torpedoes) - Zvuk-56 fire control system, MR-300 Angara air/surface search radar instead of Fut-N, 2 Don navigation radars instead of Neptun, GS-572 Gerkules-2M sonar instead of Pegas-2
On Veskiy in 1969, Vyderzhanny in 1966, Svetly in 1958 added helipad for Kamov-15 helicopter. Then removed.
On Nastoychivy M-1 Volna SAM system upgraded to M-1 Volna-M (V-601 missiles (4K91)), then upgraded to Volna-P
On Blagorodny in 1978, Veskiy in 1970, Vliyatelny in 1971, Vyderzhanny in 1970-72, Svetly in 1971, Speshny added 2x2 25 mm 2M-3M - 4000 rounds
On Blestyashchy, Burlivy in 1972, Vdokhnovenny in 1975, Vozmuschenny, Vyzyvayushchiy in 1972 (removed in 1980), Naporisty in 1971, Plamenny in 1978, added 4x2 25 mm 2M-3M - 8000 rounds
On Veskiy in 1970, Vliyatelny in 1971, Vozbuzhdenny, Vyderzhanny were added 2x1 45 mm 21KM
On Nakhodchivy, Nesokrushimy, Sveduschiy, Svetly, Skromny, Soznatelny, Speshny, Spokoyny, Spravedlivy Yakor-M1 radar were replaced by Yakor-M2
On Bessledny was added P-10 air search radar, then removed
On Blestyashchy, Vliyatelny in 1971, Vozbuzhdenny, Vyderzhanny in 1970-72, Svetly in 1971, Skrytny, Soznatelny, Speshny in 1971, Spokoyny in 1973 2 Don navigation radars instead of Neptun
On Burlivy in 1972, Naporisty in 1971, Nesokrushimy were added Don navigation radar
On Blestyashchy Bizan-4B reconnaissance radar instead of Machta P4 reconnaissance radar
On Veskiy in 1970 Pegas-2M sonar instead of Pegas-2
On Vyderzhanny in 1970-72 added MG-329 Bronza sonar
On Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdenny, Skrytny were added MG-409 sonar
On Blestyashchy added MG-40U sonar
On Vyderzhanny in 1970-72 was added MG-26 Khosta underwater communication system
On Blagorodny in 1978, Bravy in 1967, Burlivy in 1972, Byvalvy, Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdenny, Naporisty in 1971, Nastoychivy (removed in 1981), Nesokrushimy, Skromny, Skrytny, Soznatelny, Speshny in 1973 were added MI-110K submarine-search station
On Blestyashchy, Veskiy in 1970, Vozbuzhdenny, Vyderzhanny in 1970-72, Nesokrushimy, Skrytny were added MI-110R submarine-search station
On Blestyashchy was added MI-110P submarine-search station
On Svetly in 1958 was added helipad for Ka-15 helicopter
On Veskiy in 1965?, Vyderzhanny in 1966 were added helipad for unmanned helicopter. Then removed (on Veskiy in 1976)
Target-ship: SM-251 (Nesokrushimy) 30.12.1987
Floating barracks: PKZ-7 (Vyderzhanny) 25.04.1992
Non-realized updatings of the project: Project 56PM - MG-325 Vega sonar on Smyshleny


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: Nastoychivy (from 7.05.1958 Northern Fleet, from 8.06.1967 Black Sea Fleet, from 17.07.1970 Baltic Fleet), Sveduschiy (from 10.10.1956 Northern Fleet, from 5.10.1963 Black Sea Fleet), Svetly, Skromny (from 2.09.1956 Northern Fleet), Skrytny (from 12.02.1960 Northern Fleet, from 20.09.1960 Pacific Fleet), Soznatelny (from 12.07.1958 Northern Fleet, from 11.11.1964 Black Sea Fleet, from 6.02.1967 Nothern Fleet, from 27.03.1971 Black Sea Fleet), Speshny, Spokoyny (from 9.10.1957 Northern Fleet, from 1.07.1964 Baltic Fleet, from 5.07.1971 Northern Fleet), Spravedlivy
Black Sea Fleet: Bessledny (from 1.08.1957 Pacific Fleet), Blagorodny (from 15.09.1982 Baltic Fleet), Blestyashchy (from 20.09.1960 Pacific Fleet), Bravy, Burlivy (from 1.08.1957 Pacific Fleet), Byvalvy (from 24.06.1959 Northern Fleet), Naporisty, Plamenny
Northern Fleet: Smyshleny (from 20.03.1966 Black Sea Fleet, from 21.10.1968 Northern Fleet), Nakhodchivy (from 12.03.1968 Black Sea Fleet), Nesokrushimy (from 20.01.1965 Black Sea Fleet, from 8.06.1967 Nothern Fleet, from 11.10.1969 Black Sea Fleet, from 31.12.1970 Northern Fleet)
Pacific Fleet: Vdokhnovenny, Veskiy, Vliyatelny, Vozbuzhdenny, Vozmuschenny, Vyderzhanny, Vyzyvayushchiy


Hull Numbers

Bessledny: 89(1956), 90(1957), 636(1961), 811(1962), 402(1969?), 638?(1970), 440(1970), 448(1977), 729(1979), 736(1981), 739(1982?), 756(1983), 753(1986), 756(1988)
Blagorodny: 79(1956), 106(1956), 220, 382(1970), 349(1970), 343(1971), 353(1972), 388(1972), 352(1975), 356(1977), 358, 513(1980), 355(1981), 511(1982), 630(1983), 527, 519(1988), 671(1989), 510(1989), 541(1990)
Blestyashchy: 70(1955), 79(1956), 82(1957), 78(1960), 97(1960), 812(1962), 870(1963), 011(1964), 475(1964), 026(Pacific Fleet), 421(1970), 440(1970), 405(1972), 408(1976), 449(1977), 434?
Bravy: 78(1956), 55(Project 56), 165(1961), 073(1966), 936(1966), 935(1965), 375(1967), 368(1969), 303(1969), 355(1970), 369(1970), 365(1970), 185(1972), 353(1972), 357(1974), 385(1974), 373(04.1975), 367(1976), 354(1976), 511(1977), 382(1981), 525(1987), 347, 532(56K)
Burlivy: 90(1956), 78(1957), 870(1963), 074(1966), 351(1967), 403(1970), 418?(1971), 429(1977), 724(1981), 763?, 744(1989)
Byvalvy: 77(1955), 93, 547(1960), 299(1973), 334(1973), 350(1976), 413, 438(1982), 416(1984), 603?, 583?(56PLO), 449(1988)
Vdokhnovenny: 50, 494(1959), 034(1966), 395(1967), 429(1968), 279(56PLO), 685(1971), 400(1975), 430(1977), 779(04.1979), 775, 736(1987)
Veskiy: 53, 409(1959), 022(1966), 426(1969), 407(1971), 408(1972), 447, 430(1978), 778(1978), 718(1979), 707(1981), 715(1982), 726(1985), 420
Vliyatelny: 260(1967), 066, 456, 427, 441(1969), 434(1974), 443(1977), 782(05.1978), 718(05.1981), 740(05.1984)
Vozbuzhdenny: 483(1959), 887(1962), 043(1964), 420(1969), 448(1970), 442(1972), 417(1974), 418(1977), 785(08.1977), 704(05.1981), 799(05.1984), 745(05.1987), 877
Vozmuschenny: 019(1966), 340(1967), 403(1970), 445(1975), 763(1987), 603, 640
Vyderzhanny: 492(1958), 485?(1959), 066(1966), 427(1969), 401(1970), 409(1972), 432(1974), 450(1974), 720(1983), 796(1986), 769(1987), 781(1989), 753
Vyzyvayushchiy: 60(1956), 472(1960), 072(1966), 425(1971), 446(1972), 434, 782(1978), 726, 766(1989), 768(1989)
Naporisty: 23(1957), 224(1957), 212(1962), 214(1964), 253(1966), 250(1968), 360(1968), 362(1970), 367(1971), 349, 354(1975), 359(1976), 530(1979), 517(1980), 516(1983), 358, 518(1984)
Nastoychivy: 44(1956), 45(1957), 15?(1958), 545(1959), 020(1965), 610(1967), 384(1969), 308(1969), 366(1970), 462(1970), 486(1971), 353, 963(1972), 483(1973), 490(56A), 465(1975), 405(1976), 383(1976), 481(1976), 463(1977), 650(06.1978), 689(1979), 615(1983), 661(1985), 606(1988)
Nakhodchivy: 36(1956), 46(1957), 75?(1959), 542(1959), 607(1963), 620(1963), 366(56), 772(1965), 017(1965), 380(1966), 383(1969), 388(1970), 381(1970), 360(1973), 380(1974), 322(1976), 513(1977), 380(1978), 513(1983), 514(1985), 448(1986), 522(1987), 531
Nesokrushimy: 90(1956), 44(1957), 256(1958), 40(1959), 544(1959), 610(1963), 774(1964), 773(1965), 018(1966), 355(1967), 366(1973), 322?(56A), 351(56A), 377(1980), 446(56A), 412(1984)
Plamenny: 22(1957), 79, 222(1957), 213(1962), 514(1967), 353(1969), 954(1971), 370(1971), 382(1971), 383(1972), 363(1973), 351(1973), 373, 522(1977), 538(1980), 361(1982), 359(1986), 119, 354, 526, 517, 518
Sveduschiy: 45(1956), 42(1957), 15(1958), 544(1959), 259(1961), 685(1962), 603(1964), 022?(1965), 720(1965), 774(1966), 092(1966), 309(1969), 358(1976), 525(1978), 519(1983), 522(07.1984), 516(1988), 511(1991), 519(1992), 263(56PLO), 353
Svetly: 95(1955), 86(1956), 16(1957), 762(1958), 251(1959), 860(1961), 850(1962), 860(1963), 858(1965), 741(1965), 168(1967), 420(1968), 482(1969), 952(1972), 432(1974), 489(1975), 490(1976), 467(07.1977), 476(1982), 630, 651, 950, 451, 452, 462, 470, 479
Skromny: 75(1956), 40(1958), 542(1959), 544(1960), 521(1962), 612(1963), 764(1965), 012(1966), 308(1969), 345(1975), 443(56PLO), 720
Skrytny: 045(1960), 683(1961), 096?(1964), 685(1965), 447(1968), 436(1974), 418(1975), 772(1980), 722(1980), 715(1982), 707(1983), 745(07.1987)
Smyshleny: 92, 46(1956), 43(1957), 833(1961), 600(1963), 011(1966), 384(1969), 304(1970), 337(1971), 663, 454(1978), 459(08.1980), 475(1981), 487(56PLO), 408, 269(56PLO), 306, 308(56PLO)
Soznatelny: 74(1956), 77(1956), 29(1958), 47(1958), 256(1959), 605(1959), 765(1963), 607(1964), 016(1965), 311(1968), 383(1970), 390(1971), 365?(56A), 357(1973), 367(1974), 169(1974), 351(1975), 357(1975), 375(1975), 361(1975), 381(1976), 516(1977), 361(1979), 260(1980), 713(1980), 530(1981), 512(12.07.1984), 526(1989), 360(56A), 380(56A), 377
Speshny: 32(1956), 602(1958), 502(1959), 172(1964), 476(1968), 413(1969), 954(1973), 453(1975), 462(1976), 471(1977), 672(1978), 640(1978), 625?(1981), 665(1984), 655(11.1986), 602(07.1988)
Spokoyny: 99(1956), 43(1956), 41(1957), 40(1958), 541(1959), 543(1960), 256(1961), 811(1963), 762(1965), 391(1970), 325(1976), 541(1978), 405(1984), 454
Spravedlivy: 92(1956), 98(1956), 44, 40(1957), 254(1959), 256(1960), 954(1962), 254(1963), 191(1964), 954(1964), 791, 774(1966), 175(1967), 372(1968), 375(1969)


Decommissioned

1986 - Smyshleny (22.07)
1987 - Blestyashchy (30.07), Bravy (30.07), Vdokhnovenny (5.03), Veskiy (30.07), Vozmuschenny (5.03), Naporisty (30.07)
1988 - Bessledny (8.04), Byvalvy (17.07), Vliyatelny (17.07, sank as target in 1989), Soznatelny (1.03)
1989 - Blagorodny (25.04), Burlivy (25.05), Vozbuzhdenny (25.04, sank as target 12.08.1991), Vyzyvayushchiy (25.04), Nastoychivy (25.04), Nakhodchivy (25.04), Svetly (25.04), Skromny (25.04), Skrytny (25.04), Speshny (25.04)
1990 - Spokoyny (19.04)
1991 - Nesokrushimy (27.07), Plamenny (24.06)
1992 - Sveduschiy (8.04)
1993 - Vyderzhanny (29.06)


Export

Poland: 1 unit
Warszawa 275, from 1976 276, from 1976 275 (till 25.06.1970 Spravedlivy). Decommissioned 31.01.1986

 
   



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