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Light Cruisers
Project 68bis
Project 68bis-ZIF

NATO: Sverdlov Class


Completed

14 + 11 units


Ships

Project 68bis - 14 units

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Baltic Shipyard 189 named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Leningrad 5 units
Sverdlov
408
15.10.1949
5.07.1950
15.05.1952
 
Zhdanov
419
11.02.1950
27.12.1950
31.12.1952
from 21.02.1989 - KRU-101
Alexandr Suvorov
436
26.02.1951
15.05.1952
31.12.1953
 
Admiral Senyavin
437
31.10.1951
22.12.1952
30.11.1954
 
Dmitry Pozharsky
445
28.02.1952
25.06.1953
31.12.1954
 
Shipyard 194 named after A. Marti, Leningrad 3 units
Ordzhonikidze
600
19.10.1949
17.09.1950
18.08.1952
 
Aleksandr Nevsky
625
30.05.1950
7.06.1951
31.12.1952
 
Admiral Lazarev
626
6.02.1951
29.06.1952
30.12.1953
 
Shipyard 196 Sudmekh, Leningrad 1 units
Admiral Ushakov
420
31.08.1950
29.09.1951
8.09.1953
 
Shipyard 444 named after A. Marti, Nikolaev 3 units
Dzerzhinsky
374
21.12.1948
31.08.1950
18.08.1952
 
Admiral Nakhimov
375
27.06.1950
29.06.1951
27.03.1953
 
Mikhail Kutuzov
385
23.02.1951
29.11.1951
30.12.1954
 
Shipyard 402, Molotovsk 2 units
Molotovsk
301
15.07.1952
25.05.1954
30.11.1954
from 3.08.1957 - Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia
Murmansk
302
28.01.1953
24.04.1955
22.09.1955
 

Project 68bis-ZIF - 0 + 11 units

Name
Yard
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Baltic Shipyard 189 named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Leningrad 0+3 units
Kronshtadt
453
04.1953
11.09.1954
-
not completed
Tallin
454
28.09.1953
28.05.1955
-
not completed
Varyag
460
5.02.1954
5.06.1956
-
not completed
Shipyard 194 named after A. Marti, Leningrad 0+4 units
Scherbakov
627
06.1951
17.03.1954
-
not completed
Kozma Minin
628
06.1952
-
-
not completed
Dmitriy Donskoy
629
04.1953
-
-
not completed
-
631
-
-
-
not completed
Shipyard 444 named after A. Marti, Nikolaev 0+2 units
Admiral Kornilov
395
16.11.1951
17.03.1954
-
not completed
-
396
-
-
-
not completed
Shipyard 402, Molotovsk 0+2 units
Arkhangelsk
303
1953
-
-
not completed
Vladivostok
304
1953
-
-
not completed

General characteristics - Project 68bis

Displacement (tons):
Standard:

13600

Full load:16640
Dimensions (m):
Length:210
Beam:21,99
Draft:7,38
Speed (knots):32,7
Range:5700 nmi (17 knots), 5220 nmi (18,2 knots), 4100 nmi (23,2 knots), 3700 nmi (21,5 knots), 2080 nmi (32 knots), 1975 nmi (32,7 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:2x55000 hp TV-7 GTZA, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 5x300 kW TD-6 turbine-type generators, 4x300 kW DG-300 diesel generators
Armament:4x3 152 mm MK-5-bis (2202 rounds) Molniya AC-68bis-A with 2 radars Zalp fire control system
6x2100 mm SM-5-1s (3852 rounds) (on first four ships - SM-5-1) Zenit-68bis-A with 2 radars Yakor fire control system (on some ships Yakor-M, Murmansk Yakor-M2)
16x2 37 mm V-11 or V-11M (Admiral Senyavin, Dzerzhinsky, Dmitry Pozharsky, Zhdanov, Mikhail Kutuzov) - 41370 rounds
2x5533 mm PTA-53-68bis torpedo tubes (10 torpedoes) Stalingrad-2T-68bis with radar Zarya fire control system (removed on Mikhail Kutuzov in 1956, on Sverdlov in 1958)
68 KB-3 or AGSB or RM or 48 UDM mines or 63 UKSM mines or 40 KDM-1000 mines or 76 Type 1926 mines or 132 Type 1908 mines or 70 GMZ
Electronics: Rif surface search radar, Gyuys-2 air search radar, 2 Neptun navigation radars, 2 Fakel-MZ and 2 Fakel-MO IFF, RPN-47-01, Tamir-5N sonar, Solntce-1 (then removed, on Sverdlov in 1958)
Complement:1270 (65 officers)

General characteristics - Project 68bis-ZIF

Displacement (tons):
Standard:

13720

Full load:16780
Dimensions (m):
Length:210
Beam:21,99
Draft:7,4
Speed (knots):31,5
Range:7000 nmi (17 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:2x55000 hp, GTZA TV-7, 5x300 kW TD-6 turbine-type generators, 4x300 kW DG-300 diesel generators
Armament:4x3152 mm MK-5-bis (2202 rounds) Molniya AC-68bis-A with 2 radars Zalp fire control system
6x2100 mm SM-5-1s (3852 rounds) with 2 Yakor-M radars
6x4 57 mm ZIF-68 Fut-B-68bis radar
2x5533 mm PTA-53-68bis torpedo tubes (10 torpedoes) Stalingrad-2T-68bis with radar Zarya fire control system
68 KB-3 or AGSB or RM mines or 48 UDM mines or 63 UKSM mines or 40 KDM-1000 mines or 76 Type 1926 mines or 132 Type 1908 mines or 70 GMZ
Electronics: Rif-A surface search radar, Gyuys-2 air search radar, Fut-N air/surface search radar, 2 Neptun navigation radars, Korall-11A ESM radar systems, Korall-14A, 2 Fakel-MZ and 2 Fakel-MO IFF, RPN-47-01, Tamir-5N sonar
Complement:1224

Schematics

Light Cruiser - Project 68bis
Light Cruiser - Project 68bis


Modernizations

Project 68A 4+1 units: Sevmorzavod named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol Admiral Ushakov 8.05.1974-29.12.1978, Mikhail Kutuzov 30.09.1979-30.04.1986, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia 8.12.1972-15.12.1976, Dalzavod Vladivostok Alexandr Suvorov 1973-79, SRZ-35 Murmansk - Aleksandr Nevsky from 1.12.1988 not completed. 8x2 30 mm AK-230 (13860 rounds) 4 MR-104 Rys fire control systems instead of 4x2 37 mm V-11, added 2x1 45 mm 21KM (Alexandr Suvorov), Zalp-M2 radar instead of Zalp (Mikhail Kutuzov), MR-510 Kil-U air search radar instead of Gyuys-2, Machta-P4 reconnaissance radar (Admiral Ushakov Krab-11 ESM radar systems, Krab-12), Machta-P10 reconnaissance radar, Don navigation radar instead of 2 Neptun radars, Nickel-KM and Khrom-KM IFF, R-790 Tsunami-BM satellite communication complex, Kristall-K satellite communication complex (Mikhail Kutuzov). 14600/18090 tons, draft 7,8 m, 40890 rounds for V-11, 32 kts, 6450 nmi (18,2 knots), 4100 nmi (23,2 knots), 1800 nmi (32,5 knots), 1650 nmi (33 knots), crew - 1257 (60 officers)
Project 68U1 Bukhta-1 1 unit: Zhdanov, Sevmorzavod named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol in 10.1965-29.11.1971. 3-th MK-5bis was removed, added 1x2 Zif-122 4K33 Osa-M SAM system launcher (20 9M33 missiles) 4R-33 fire control system, 4x2 30 mm AK-230 2 MR-104 Rys fire control system, MR-510 Kil air search radar instead of Gyuys-2, Krab-11 ESM radar system, Don navigation radar instead of 2 Neptun radars, Nikhrom-M IFF, Planshet combat information control system, R-790 Tsunami-BM satellite communication complex, Kristall-K satellite communication complex (02-08.1977). 14340/17890 tons, draft 7,8 m, 32 kts, 5800 nmi (17 knots), crew - 1083 (105 officers)
Project 68U2 Bukhta-2 1 unit: Admiral Senyavin, Dalzavod Vladivostok 31.12.1966-24.07.1972. Stern MK-5bis were removed, added 1 Ka-25 helicopter, 1x2 ZIF-122 4K33 Osa-M SAM system launcher (20 9M33 missiles) 4R-33 fire control system, 8x2 30 mm AK-230 4MR-104 Rys fire control systems, MR-510 Kil-U air search radar instead of Gyuys-2, MR-302 Rubka surface search radar instead of Rif, Krab-11 ESM radar system, Don navigation radar instead of 2 Neptun radars, Planshet combat information control system, R-790 Tsunami-BM satellite communication complex, Kristall-K satellite communication complex (from 1977), Karat-M communication complex (from 1977). 14350/17890 tons, draft 7,8 m, 32,4 kts, 6940 nmi (18 knots), crew - 856 (103 officers)
Project 70E 1 unit: Dzerzhinsky, Shipyard 444 named after A. Marti, Nikolaev, 15.10.1957-30.08.1962. 1x2 SM-64 M-2 Volkhov-M SAM system launcher (10 V-750 missiles) instead of one stern MK-5bis Korvet-Sevan fire control system, 8x2 37 mm V-11M were removed, Zalp radar, Zarya, added P-500 Kliver air/surface search radar, Fut-N air/surface search radar, MR-200 Kaktus air search radar, Razliv radar (removed in 1974-75), DG-300 replaced by 4x400 kW diesel generators. 12970/16070 tons, draft 7,2 m, 32 kts, 7400 nmi (17 knots), crew - 1266
Project 68E 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevmorzavod 497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol, 11-12.1954. 1 V-16 KSS anti-ship missile launcher (1 missile)
Project 68ER 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Sevmorzavod 497 named after S. Ordzhonikidze, Sevastopol, in 1955. V-16E launcher instead of V-16
Project 67EP 1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Nikolaev, Shipyard 444 named after A. Marti 28.02.1955-10.1955. 1 launcher (4 KSS anti-ship missiles) Kolchan fire control system
Project 71 0+1 unit: Admiral Nakhimov, Nikolaev, Shipyard 444 named after A. Marti frim 28.11.1957 not completed. 2x2 M-2 Volkhov-M SM-64 launchers instead of stern MK-5bis guns, 4x4 57 mm ZIF-75 4 Fut-B-70 control systems instead of V-11. 13410/16590 tons, 7,4 m draft, 31,5 kts, 5500 nmi (17 kts), crew - 1035, Nickel-K and Khrom-K IFF instead of 2 Fakel-MZ and 2 Fakel-MO IFF, helipad for Ka-25 helicopter
On Dmitry Pozharsky 25.04.1969-23.10.1970, Mikhail Kutuzov 16.10.1966-11.09.1967 navigator rooms instead of 4x2 V-11M . On Mikhail Kutuzov V-11M guns was added again 30.03.1979-30.04.1986
Yakor radar was modernized into Yakor-M: Dzerzhinsky in 1952-53
P-8 air search radar: Admiral Senyavin in 1957, Dmitry Pozharsky in 1957, Mikhail Kutuzov in 1956, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia. Then removed.
P-10 air search radar: Admiral Senyavin, Admiral Ushakov, Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitry Pozharsky, Mikhail Kutuzov in 1960?, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia (instead of P-8), Murmansk in 1957, Sverdlov in 1958. Then removed.
P-12 Enisey air search radar (instead of P-8, P-10): Admiral Senyavin (instead of P-10), Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitry Pozharsky (instead of P-10) 25.04.1969-23.10.1970
P-20 air search radar: Admiral Lazarev (instead of 6x2 37 mm V-11)
P-500 Kliver air/surface search radar: Aleksandr Nevsky in 1957-58, Dmitry Pozharsky (instead P-8)
Fut-N air/surface search radar: Sverdlov (instead of Rif) 24.12.1960-14.07.1961
MR-510 Kil-U air search radar: Mikhail Kutuzov (instead of P-8) 16.10.1966-11.09.1967, Molotovsk in 1969, Murmansk, Sverdlov (instead Fut-N) 12.02-29.04.1966
Korall ESM radar system: Dzerzhinsky in 1954
Krab ESM radar system: Admiral Senyavin, Dzerzhinsky ins 1956, Zhdanov
Krab-11 ESM radar system: Admiral Ushakov in 1957, Dzerzhinsky in 1961
Krab-12 ESM radar system: Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Ushakov in 1957, Aleksandr Nevsky, Alexandr Suvorov, Dmitry Pozharsky, Mikhail Kutuzov, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia (instead of P-10) in 1976, Sverdlov
On Murmansk in 1986-89 was added MR-302 Rubka air/surface search radar
On Murmansk in 1986-89 was added Kristall-K satellite communication complex
On some ships was added Don navigation radar

Non-realized updatings of the project:
Project 64 missile cruiser with 3x4 P-6 anti-ship missiles launchers, M-1 Volna SAM system, M-3
Project 67 missile cruiser with 2 SM-58 KSS anti-ship missiles launchers instead of MK-5bis guns
Project 67bis missile cruiser with 4x5 P-6 anti-ship missiles launchers instead of stern MK-5bis guns
Project 67SI 1 SM-58 KSS anti-ship missile launcher instead of bow MK-5bis guns on Admiral Nakhimov
Project 68bis-VVS with Brown Boveri Company steam turbines
Project 68bis-SM-16 with SM-16 guns instead of V-11
Project 70 4x2 M-2 Volkhov-M SAM system launchers instead of MK-5bis guns
Project 1131 2x2 M-31 SAM system launchers instead of stern MK-5bis guns


Fleets

Baltic Fleet: Admiral Lazarev (from 27.02.1956 Northern Fleet, from 22.10.1956 Pacific Fleet), Admiral Senyavin (from 24.02.1955 Northern Fleet, from 7.09.1955 Pacific Fleet), Admiral Ushakov (from 3.11.1956 Nothern Fleet, from 5.10.1963 Black Sea Fleet), Alexandr Suvorov (from 27.02.1956 Northern Fleet, from 22.10.1956 Pacific Fleet), Dmitry Pozharsky (from 24.02.1955 Northern Fleet, from 7.09.1955 Pacific Fleet), Ordzhonikidze (from 14.02.1961 Black Sea Fleet), Sverdlov, Zhdanov (from 02.1970 Black Sea Fleet)
Black Sea Fleet: Admiral Nakhimov, Dzerzhinsky, Mikhail Kutuzov
Northern Fleet: Aleksandr Nevsky, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia (from 16.12.1960 Baltic Fleet), Murmansk


Hull Numbers

Admiral Lazarev: 10, 25(1954), 47(1956), 832(1972), 835(1.05.1977), 472, 039(1983), 024(1986)
Admiral Nakhimov: 22(1953), 93(1954), 33(1954), 532(1958)
Admiral Senyavin: 45(1955), 12(1956), 51(1956), 71(1957), 138(1958), 125(1959), 203(68bis), 619(68bis), 825(1964), 833(68bis, 68U2), 824(68U2), 832(1972), 838(1973), 833(1.05.1977), 472(1979), 490(1981), 485(1985), 052(1989)
Admiral Ushakov: 6(1954), 54(1955), 33(1955), 23(1956), 21(1957), 30(1958?), 203(1961), 160(1963), 120(1967), 844, 860(1971), 855(1972), 859(1973), 845(1973), 852(1974), 109(1979), 100(1981), 108(68A), 113(1983), 101(68A)
Aleksandr Nevsky: 02(1953), 18, 65, 30(1957), 8(1957), 150(1961), 201, 813(1971), 812(1972), 805(1974), 868, 066, 097, 077(1981), 057(1982), 077(1986), 067(1989)
Alexandr Suvorov: 34(1954), 53(1954), 20, 632, 834(1969), 140, 831, 016(1980), 033(1982), 015(1984), 035(1986)
Dzerzhinsky: 11(1953), 37(1954), 12(1956), 107(68bis), 516(1958), 195(1965), 145(1967), 630(1967), 159(1969), 542(1970), 846(1970), 849(1970), 847(1971), 849(1971), 856(1971), 854(1974), 850(1976), 855(1977), 859(1977), 195(1978), 106(1978), 104(70E), 101(1980), 106(1987), 045, 848(70E), 858(70E)
Dmitry Pozharsky: 12, 56(1954), 55(1956), 619(1964), 636(1966), 824(1967), 835(1970), 633(1971), 833(1972), 021, 837(1974), 881, 823(1976), 012(1976), 832(1.05.1977), 027(1980), 023(1987)
Zhdanov: 19(1953), 16(1954), 10(1955), 20(1956), 62(06.1957), 320(1959), 258(1962), 128(1964), 855(1970), 854(1971), 857(1972), 801(1972), 801(1972), 856(1973), 835(1974), 855(1974), 857(1974), 842(07.1975), 845(07.1976), 849(1976), 854(1978), 118(1980), 121(1982), 117(1983), 111(1984), 132(1984), 116(1985), 101(1988)
Mikhail Kutuzov: 4, 34(1954), 18(1954), 554(1955), 46(1957), 24(1958), 131(1959), 590(1960), 108(1962), 131(1964), 832(68bis), 850(1968), 856(1969), 590(1970), 859(1970), 850(1971), 849(1972?), 854(1977), 020(1977), 010(68bis), 113(1978), 920(1980), 113, 105(1984), 852, 100, 102
Molotovsk: 22(1957), 4(1958), 6, 202(1960), 842, 891, 118(1967), 890(1967), 846(1970), 890(1970), 899(1971), 020(1974), 015(1976), 892(1977), 844(1978), 141(1978), 154(1980), 194(1986), 154(1987)
Murmansk: 52(1956), 88, 154(1963), 120(1964), 150, 805, 818(1968), 803(1971), 806(1973), 820, 816(1978), 050(1978), 074(1981), 020, 057(1987)
Ordzhonikidze: 18(1953), 45(1954), 21(1954), 82(1955), 53(1958), 310(1959), 355, 743(1961), 435(1962)
Sverdlov: 41(1954), 21(1957), 22(1957), 51(1958), 300(1959), 252(1962), 102(1965), 174, 884(1969), 851(1974), 866(1974), 891(1975), 861(1976), 881(1976), 074(1981), 100, 161(1989)


Decommissioned

1960 Admiral Nakhimov (29.07)
1986 Admiral Lazarev (12.10)
1987 Admiral Ushakov (16.09), Dmitry Pozharsky (5.03), Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsia (16.09)
1988 Dzerzhinsky (12.10)
1989 Admiral Senyavin (30.05), Aleksandr Nevsky (30.05), Alexandr Suvorov (15.12), Sverdlov (30.05)
1990 Zhdanov (19.04)
1992 Murmansk (3.07)
1998 Mikhail Kutuzov (28.08, from 2001 museum ship at Novorossiysk)


Export

Indonesia: 1 unit
Irian 201 (till 24.01.1963 Ordzhonikidze) decommissioned in 1972

 
   



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